Many people might have not heard about Bulgaria let alone where it is. Others might be familiar, or just know the seaside city Sunny Beach (The party capital of Bulgaria). However there is so much more to Bulgaria that many people do not know about. So I decided to make this blog: 10 Interesting Facts about Bulgaria. Hopefully this will intrigue you and make you want to visit this beautiful country.
1. Bulgarian borders
First let me tell you about where Bulgaria is located. Many people would not know where they can find it on the map. However, many would know countries like Greece and Turkey. Well Bulgaria is a neighbour of both those countries and three more. As seen on the map bellow, Bulgaria is located in the South-East of Europe and is an important logistic hub that connects Europe with Asia. Bulgaria shares a border with Romania to the North, with Turkey and Greece to the South and Macedonia and Serbia to the West. To the East Bulgaria borders with the Black Sea.
2. The Bulgarian Alphabet
As seen on the picture below the Bulgarian Alphabet is mostly different to the Latin alphabet. When people see the way our letters are written they presume that we have the same letters as Russia and that probably we were the ones who took it from them. Unfortunately for Russia, this is not the case. The Bulgarian Alphabet is called “Cyrillic alphabet” and it was created by two saints called Cyril and Methodius during the First Bulgarian Empire in the 10th century. After that other countries accepted the alphabet for official, including Russia. Nowadays there are 50 countries that use it.
3. Bulgarian Climate
What you might know is that Bulgaria has all four seasons, which means that it is the perfect location for any holiday you might like. If you love skiing or having a spa day, there are a lot of locations with ski resorts and spa villages with healing mineral water hubs for any winter and autumn months. If you fancy hot weather, the Bulgarian beaches are the perfect place for a summer holiday.
4. Bulgarian Rose
At number four of the 10 Interesting Facts about Bulgaria comes the Bulgarian Rose. An interesting part of Bulgaria is the Rose Valley. In the spring months the Rose Valley transforms into a beautiful scenery. The roses that are grown in the valley are being used to extract Rose Oil. What you might not know is that an important ingredient in Perfumes is Rose Oil. Rose Oil is popular in the UK, however 70% of the world’s rose oil is produced in Bulgaria, making the country the largest producer. Bulgarian rose oil is recognized as the one with the highest quality in the whole world. For example the rose oil produced in the 1940s, now costs more than $20,000 and is very difficult to find. A great tradition has been established at the Valley – rose picking. The best time to observe the rose-picking process and to see the rose fields is from the end of May to the end of June. There is also a Rose Festival that takes place across four weekends in June with rose picking rituals crafted for tourists taking place in different villages every weekend.
5. Bulgaria’s rich history
Bulgaria has a rich history. This is evident by all the different and interesting places you can visit. Bulgaria features a vast majority of tombs and sanctuaries. They give a lot of information about the ancient culture. These sites have remained in good condition because almost all of them were buried under hills. The total number of tombs on bulgarian territory is over 60,000, with only 1,000 of them being researched.
Other interesting places you can visit in Bulgaria are old cities. For example, this are the ruins of а prehistoric, ancient, and medieval rock city named Perperikon.
The town of Veliko Tarnovo, which was an old capital of Bulgaria. The city is famous for the fortress called Tsarevets that has been preserved.
These are, of course, just some of the interesting places to visit. As I said, Bulgaria has a rich history and a separate blog post needs to be done in order to showcase all the amazing different places that you could visit.
6. Oldest Gold in the World
It is important to point out that the oldest processed gold in the world was found in one of Bulgaria’s necropolis dating back to 4400-4100 BC. The gold has travelled the world since the 1970s.
7. No flag lost in battle
At number seven of the top 10 Interesting Facts about Bulgaria comes something all Bulgarians are very proud of. It’s that the country has never lost a flag in a battle.
When it comes to the history of Bulgaria, ancient Roman influence can still be found in many of the country’s cities. Including my hometown Plovdiv, where you can find an intact ancient roman theatre which is still used today for plays and concerts! There is also a Roman stadium. However, just part of the stadium has been restored as you can see in this picture. More about Plovdiv and its beauty will be shared in another post.
9. Saying Yes and No in Bulgaria
Something that is really confusing for people who go visit Bulgaria is the difference in saying Yes and No. For example in Bulgaria it is the opposite of the UK, where to say No you nod your head and to say Yes you shake your head from side to side. The story of how that came to be is dating from the time when Bulgaria was under rule of the Ottoman Empire where the head-nodding reversal was done as a way to confuse Turkish occupiers, so that “yes” looked like “no” and vice versa.
10. The first computer
And lastly but not least, the top 10 Interesting Facts about Bulgaria comes the first computer. Did you know that a Bulgarian created the first computer!!! … Well not actually but close. The first electronic digital computer was created by John Attansoff who was a physicist and inventor of Bulgarian descent. Attansoff along with Clifford Berry (a former physics graduate student and electrical engineering undergraduate) built the computer at Iowa State University from 1937 to 1942. The computer was the size of a big desk and weighted 750 pounds. Atanasoff made a lot of innovations with the creation of the computer, some of which are still part of the computer today. However short after because of World War II Atanasoff stopped the development of the electronic computer. Nevertheless, Bulgarians are very proud to say that a Bulgarian created the first computer.
Now that you learned a bit more about Bulgaria are you interested to visit the country? Would you like to see another post about the country with more specific places to visit? Let me know in the comments bellow!